Shoulder Surgeon Perth for shoulder bursitis

Shoulder Bursitis

Impingement and rotator cuff tendonitis

shoulder bursitis | shoulder surgeon Perth

What is shoulder bursitis?

shoulder bursitis | shoulder surgeon PerthShoulder bursitis is also known as shoulder impingement or rotator cuff tendonitis. It can be caused by injury, overuse, or a bone spur in the shoulder.

Bursitis is an inflammation of a bursa, which is a small fluid-filled sac found around a joint. It acts as a cushion between moving parts in the joint to stop muscles, bones, and tendons from rubbing together.

When your shoulder bursa gets irritated, it becomes inflamed and develops scar tissue. This causes inflammation of the muscles and tendons. Their role is to move the shoulder, and the inflammation can cause pain and loss of movement in the shoulder.

A common cause of shoulder bursitis is overuse of the shoulder joint, especially if that activity is performed repetitively or overhead. If you are doing sport or work that involves repetitive movements it can put stress on your shoulder joint. It is also important to be careful with exercises that require repetitive movements.

shoulder bursitis | shoulder surgeon Perth

What are the symptoms of shoulder bursitis?

Shoulder bursitis can cause:

  • Pain on the outside of your shoulder.
  • Pain that may spread down your arm towards the elbow.
  • Disturbed sleep with pain when you roll on that side .
  • Aches made worse by using your arm repetitively above your head.
  • A painful arc of movement when lifting to horizontal
  • Relief of symptoms keeping your arm by your side.

shoulder bursitis | shoulder surgeon Perth

Shoulder bursitis or shoulder impingement?

shoulder bursitis | shoulder surgeon PerthYou may come across different terms for what is commonly called shoulder bursitis. The terms ‘shoulder impingement’, ‘rotator cuff tendonitis’, and ‘subacromial bursitis’ refer to a spectrum of the same condition.

Impingement occurs when the tendons of the rotator cuff rub against the undersurface of the acromion bone when you lift the arm. The acromion impacts against the rotator cuff tendons, hence the term ‘impingement’.

Rotator cuff tendonitis occurs when the tendons rubbing against the bone becoming inflamed.

Subacromial bursitis is inflammation of the bursa which sits between the bone and the tendons. The bursa is a normal structure allowing the tendons to move freely against the bone. Shoulder bursitis and rotator cuff tendonitis cause pain.

In younger patients, impingement often results from injury or overuse. Irritation of the tendon causes it to swell and the more it swells the more it rubs against the acromion bone. More rubbing causes more swelling and the cycle continues.

In older patients, impingement and tendonitis are more likely to occur when a subacromial spur forms. The spur is an overgrowth of bone which impacts on the rotator cuff tendons when the arm is lifted. This can eventually lead to a rotator cuff tear. keeping your arm by your side.

shoulder bursitis | shoulder surgeon Perth

CO.RE Exercises

shoulder bursitis | shoulder surgeon PerthIn the field of shoulder and knee reconstruction, successful outcomes from an operation are 50% surgery and 50% rehabilitation.

You could say the surgery is the easy bit, the rehabilitation is all hard slog. Dr Colvin’s CO.RE exercise programs are just that, a core plan for your successful recovery.

shoulder bursitis | shoulder surgeon Perth

How is shoulder bursitis treated?

Shoulder bursitis is a common problem involving the shoulder joint. It can be very painful and impact upon your everyday movement and quality of life.
To diagnose shoulder bursitis your shoulder surgeon is looking for a ‘painful arc of abduction’. As you lift the arm to the side pain is felt through the mid range but then often reduces in the overhead position as the tendon passes underneath the acromion bone. Initial investigation is with an x-ray looking for a bone spur or other causes of pain such as arthritis at the AC joint at the end of the collar bone. An MRI scan or ultrasound is required to diagnose bursitis and to rule out rotator cuff tendon tearing.

Non-operative treatment is always the best place to start. Firstly, this means avoiding the activities which have precipitated the pain. Over-the-counter drugs such as Panadol and Nurofen are a safe way to control the pain. Anti-inflammatories reduce swelling in the rotator cuff tendons. It is advisable to see a physiotherapist for a set of shoulder exercises aimed at stretching and building strength through the rotator cuff muscles.

Cortisone injections into the subacromial bursa are a very successful minimally invasive treatment for shoulder bursitis. The injections are done by a radiologist with ultrasound guidance. Cortisone works as a powerful anti-inflammatory, reducing tendon swelling and breaking the cycle of impingement. It is not uncommon to require up to three injections, done once a month, to get symptoms under control.

Surgery is not the first treatment option, but should be considered if conservative treatments including injections and physiotherapy have failed and the symptoms are continuing for three to six months or more.

The first thing that surgery achieves is removal of the inflamed bursa and scar tissue. More importantly, the surgery shaves away some of the bone and any spur. This increases the space available for the tendons and stops the tendon rubbing process.

The operation is called ‘subacromial decompression’ or ‘acromioplasty’. It is arthroscopic surgery done with two small keyhole cuts.

A sling will be required for a few days but should be discarded as soon as possible. It is very important to get things moving as soon as possible. This stops scar tissue developing, keeps the capsule flexible, and prevents the muscles from losing strength. Don’t worry about doing damage, move the shoulder as much as pain allows. The hospital physio will start your rehabilitation the day after surgery. Acromioplasty or Subacromial Decompression involves shaving the bone. It takes at least three months for the bone to grow a new smooth surface and for soft tissue inflammation to settle. Most patients are aware of an improvement three months after surgery but it may take longer for symptoms to resolve completely and for full strength to recover. For more information, please call Dr David Colvin’s team on 08 9489 8788 to make an appointment.

shoulder bursitis | shoulder surgeon Perth

Related topics

The shoulder is one of the most complex joints in the human body. It is complex because it allows a range of motion greater than any other joint. The shoulder is made up of the shoulder socket (called the glenoid, which is part of the scapular or shoulder blade) and the humerus which is the upper bone of the arm.
Shoulder Arthroscopy is a procedure that orthopaedic surgeons use to inspect, diagnose, and repair problems inside your shoulder joint. They use a small camera, called an arthroscope, and surgical instruments to examine and repair the tissues in and around the shoulder.
The biceps is the large muscle at the front of your arm. Its main function is in bending the elbow. It also has a minor function in rotating the forearm to bring the hand into a palm upward position (called supernation). There are several other muscles that perform both of these functions.

Orthopaedic surgeon Perth

About Perth Orthopaedic Surgeon Dr David Colvin

Dr David Colvin, a Perth orthopaedic surgeon with a special interest in shoulder and knee injuries, understands that a painful joint or a joint that doesn’t function properly, can have a huge impact on your quality of life.