Knee Surgeon Perth for ACL reconstruction

ACL Reconstruction

Knee surgery to reconstruct the anterior cruciate ligament.

ACL reconstruction | knee surgeon Perth

What is ACL reconstruction?

The aim of ACL reconstruction surgery is to stabilize your knee joint. A torn Anterior Cruciate Ligament can’t heal by itself and causes knee joint instability and a feeling of giving way or insecurity.

Longstanding knee joint instability causes further damage to the knee cartilage and may cause a torn meniscus.

ACL reconstruction explained by Dr David Colvin, Orthopaedic Surgeon in Perth

ACL reconstruction | knee surgeon Perth

Why is ACL reconstruction required?

ACL reconstruction | knee surgeon PerthRepeated episodes of instability or a feeling of insecurity with your knee will prevent you from playing sport and enjoying life to the full.

The torn ACL shrinks to a stump and cannot be repaired. Treatment for an ACL tear requires ACL reconstruction.

Your orthopaedic surgeon will make a new cruciate ligament using a graft. Once the graft has been taken, the surgery is done arthroscopically. This is minimally invasive and allows for a quicker recovery and less pain.

ACL reconstruction | knee surgeon Perth


ACL injury | knee surgeon PerthIn the field of shoulder and knee reconstruction, successful outcomes from an operation are 50% surgery and 50% rehabilitation. You could say the surgery is the easy bit, the rehabilitation is all hard slog.

Dr Colvin’s CO.RE exercise programs are just that, a core plan for your successful recovery.

ACL reconstruction | knee surgeon Perth

Have you damaged your ACL?

ACL reconstruction | knee surgeon PerthIf you have had an injury where you felt a pop in the knee followed by swelling over the next twenty-four hours then you may have an ACL tear. Suspect an ACL injury if you have been through a rehab program with your physiotherapist and have ongoing symptoms of instability in the knee, giving way, or reinjury.

An anterior cruciate ligament tear may be associated with other injuries in the knee. Often, there is also a torn meniscus, or an injury to the joint surface. This can result in locking, jamming, or even a loose body within the knee joint.

Some patients with a longstanding ACL tear do not experience giving way but rather a vague sensation of not being able to trust the knee joint. In particular, they are wary about running activities that involve change of direction. A lack of trust in the security and stability of the knee can be an indication of a previous cruciate ligament tear that went undetected.

If this sounds like your knee you should be reviewed by an orthopaedic surgeon. Dr David Colvin is an experienced orthopaedic surgeon who has helped many Perth patients with ACL injuries. Dr Colvin can advise you on whether knee reconstruction surgery is required. He will discuss with you the best graft choices for your particular injury and your sporting requirements.

ACL reconstruction | knee surgeon Perth

Hamstring grafts for ACL reconstruction

There are several graft options to choose from for this surgery. Factors in graft choice include your age, sex, occupation, sport and previous injuries or surgery.

Hamstring tendons are the most popular choice for cruciate reconstruction. They form a strong graft, and because the graft is made up of your own tissue, it integrates quickly and permanently. Using a hamstring graft doesn’t weaken the hamstring muscles.

ACL reconstruction | knee surgeon Perth

Alternative grafts used in ACL reconstruction

There are a number of alternative grafts:

  • Patellar tendon graft: This method involves taking a strip of the middle third of the patellar tendon including a small piece of bone from the knee cap where the tendon starts and from the tibia where the tendon attaches.
  • LARS graft: This is a synthetic ligament which is threaded through the stumps of the torn cruciate ligament. Cells from your cruciate ligament stump grow into the woven ligament which acts as a scaffold for a new ligament to form.
  • Hybrid reconstruction or Augmented LARS reconstruction: In this method, the LARS graft is combined with a conventional hamstring graft in an attempt to achieve the best of both worlds. The LARS ligament provides immediate stability for quicker rehabilitation, and the hamstring tissue offers the basis for a long-term living ligament.

ACL reconstruction | knee surgeon Perth

What is the best knee surgery to reconstruct my ACL?

If you contact orthopaedic surgeon Dr Colvin at West Coast Orthopaedic Centre in Subiaco Perth, he will be able to give you clear guidelines about what to expect with ACL reconstruction surgery and what ACL graft choice is best for your knee.

ACL reconstruction | knee surgeon Perth

Related topics

An ACL injury is one of the most common serious knee injuries and involves a complete tear or rupture to the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL). The human knee is vulnerable to injury because it connects two very long bones, the femur (thigh bone) and the tibia (shin bone). These two long levers can exert incredible force at the knee joint.
Once the decision has been made that cruciate ligament reconstruction is required, most people want to talk about the choice of graft. My first advice in this regard is, do not stress too much about the choice in graft as there are many other factors that will have much greater bearing on the success of surgery.
If you suffer from an injury to the anterior cruciate ligament in your knee, you may have questions about the ACL tear and the surgery you need. I have created a page listing some of the most frequently asked questions about ACL reconstruction.
Perth knee surgeon Dr David Colvin has a special interest in ACL surgery. He undertook Post Fellowship training both in Australia and in North America.

Difficulty understanding certain terminology? Here’s a list that explains all rotator cuff related terminology.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament.
A movement initiated by your own muscles. This movement will build strength.
Knee stiffness. Can occur after ACL reconstruction.
Keyhole knee surgery.
Exercise where the foot is fixed or planted.
Contracting and shortening a muscle (the usual form of exercise).
Contraction while lengthening a muscle (a controlled release).
The action of straightening your knee.
Thigh bone.
The action of bending your knee.
Tissue used to make the new ACL.
Can be used for ACL reconstruction graft.
Contracting a muscle without shortening it (ie. no movement of the joint) – also called static.
Artificial ligament for ACL reconstruction.
Lateral Collateral Ligament – outer knee.
Medial Collateral Ligament – inner knee.
Rubber cartilage in knee.
Exercise where the foot is free, not fixed.
A movement initiated by external forces, a stretching exercise.
Can be used as a graft for ACL reconstruction.
Posterior Cruciate Ligament.
Lying on your abdomen.
How far you can move a joint in any one direction (measured in degrees).
See “Isometric”.
Lying on your back.
Shin bone.

Orthopaedic surgeon Perth

About Perth Orthopaedic Surgeon Dr David Colvin

Dr David Colvin, a Perth orthopaedic surgeon with a special interest in shoulder and knee injuries, understands that a painful joint or a joint that doesn’t function properly, can have a huge impact on your quality of life.